Tuesday, February 3, 2015

Batik-printing method

     Unusual color effect can be produced employing various batik styles.  Ties are often dyed by batik techniques. Parts of each cloth are knotted or tied with a string and then dyed, usually by dipping. In the knotted or tied places the dye solution cannot penetrate; this produces unique effects.
     Another batik method is the use of wax resist. This can be applied in the form of melted wax or an oil soluble resin solution. The treated areas resist subsequent printing or dyeing. After dyeing, the resist is removed.
     A more popular form of batik is the application of hot wax with a thin brush on the outlines of a design. Within the outlines, a dyestuff solution is applied. It spreads evenly over the surface; after drying the silk is steamed and finished in the usual manner. Before steaming the painted cloth is wrapped in absorbent paper. During the steaming, the softened wax is absorbed by this paper.

Batik Printing
Batik Printed Fabric
     An improvement over this purely manual method is the use of a screen to print the outlines. Glue and British gum are used as mechanical resists, preventing the spread of dye solutions. These resists lines can also be colored.
     A multi step hand printing technique that includes the application of a substance to protect of limit desired areas of the base fabric from coloring by resisting dyestuff. When fabric is submerged in the dye bath, the chemical or wax-protected areas resist the dyestuff; dyestuff adheres to or penetrates untreated areas. The waxing dyeing and wax removal processes are repeated until design or desired effect is completed. White areas may be left white, dyed or over printed.
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