Bangladesh is holding the second position to export ready made
garments (RMG) just after China. There are about forty thousand Garments and
Textile industries in Bangladesh. About 3.4 to 4 million people are working in
this sector. Bangladesh exported 24 billion U.S dollars ready made garment in
the last year 2014. She is now targeting to
export about 50 billion U.S dollar within 2021. So, the demand of Textile
Engineers is growing day by day.
Though a huge
number of Textile Engineers are needed to fulfill the growing demand, some
companies are applying a new job agreement policy for the freshers. They are trying to bind
the new engineers with their local job agreement policy. The job agreement is
for 2-5 years. The agreement period is varying from one company to another. Some
are applying 2 years, some are 3 years and some are for 5 years.
The new employers
have to sign up an agreement form. The agreement form mentions that, the new
employers can’t leave the job before completing the agreement period. Also,
they have to submit the main copies of their academic certificates. They can
only leave it, if they get chance for going abroad for higher studies or get a
The companies are
showing some causes for the job agreement. They say that, when they recruit new
employers, they have to train them for three to six months. During this period
the companies have to do some investments for the employers. But the companies
get a little output during this training period. They want the highest output
from the employers. They get a bitter experience when an employer leaves the
job after 1 to 1.5 years. That is why they try to hold the new comer by job
Though this agreement
is fruitful for the companies, it is not better for the Upcoming Engineers. It
is as usual in this sector that, when you change your company, you will be
upgraded and will get more salary by showing your experience. So, the job
agreement hinders yours rapid salary increment and upgrade post.
As I’ve already mentioned that, some companies are trying to
recruit through this policy, but all companies are not. Till now, most of the
reputed companies are recruiting in the legal way. So, there is nothing to be
disappointed for the upcoming Textile Engineers.
Though finding a good
job is not as easy as before, you will get a better one if you are confident
enough and have the capability. You should also be patient enough to get your
desirable job. So get prepare yourself properly and be a good Textile Engineer.
To go through this article, firstly we have to know what are
GSP and GSP+.
Generalized System of Preference or the Generalized Scheme of Preference, which
is commonly known as GSP. It contributes to reduce poverty and the promotion of sustainable
development and good governance. Tariff preferences in the EU market helps
developing countries to participate more in international trade and get more
export revenue to their own sustainable development and eradicate poverty.
The GSP+ is as like as
standard GSP but it has some differences too. The special incentive arrangement
for sustainable development and good governance, known as GSP+, which
offers additional duty free exports to support vulnerable developing countries
in their ratification and implementation of relevant international conventions
in these fields.
The EU started considering the GSP
status for Pakistan in October 2012, because the country was affected by a
devastating flood in 2010.
Union (EU) has given the GSP+ facilities to three new countries
including Pakistan from 1 January 2014 and it will end in 31 December 2016. It should be mentioned that Bangladesh is
getting this facility previously. China, Colombia, India, Indonesia, Thailand
and Vietnam are not eligible for GSP+. China and India have
graduated out of the textile and garments sections of the standard GSP that
means whereby products import from China and India will not be benefiting from
preferential duties either. From now, Pakistan is the new raising competitor
for Bangladesh in textile and apparel sector.
number of orders have already been shifted to Pakistan from Bangladesh as the buyers
or retailers have already known about the Pakistan’s GSP+ facility. Bangladeshi
Garments sector was affected by the political deadlock. Retailers do not want to
continue to work in a risky environment in Bangladesh and so Pakistan will be
their next best choice as it can grow cotton. If Pakistan can impress them, they
will not go to other destination.
The EU is
the largest trading partner of Pakistan after the US. Pakistan exports around
3.4 billion Euros to EU every year. They export about 88% apparel and textile
products. In the next two years their exports will increase near about 10%.
The total amount
of export of Bangladesh to EU has risen to 11% in the first 5 months of 2014 whereas,
Pakistani export has risen about 17%. During the periodunder review, in theexportsof clothingandtextiles,home textilesectorfell by3percentinBangladesh, where
thePakistanincreased nearly7percent. Wovenandknitapparel
exportsthatgrew bytheBangladeshi, Pakistaniproductsgrew bymorethantwo. It seems that, Pakistanistaking
advantages of GSP greaterthan
and apparel sector have to face a little bit competitionin the coming days. This pressure
will be moreon the hometextileproducts.
export can be raised up to 1.5 billion US dollar. Pakistanwillexportthat amount;
may be throughitstradecreation. Thisdirectly
Rest 30% will be through trade diversion. This will be happened by decreasing
trade of Chine and increasing trade of Pakistan. Besides,
the export of Turkey, Bangladesh,
Indiaand Sri-lanka will decrease a
little bit and will add with Pakistan.