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Wednesday, September 2, 2015

What is Textile Recycling

Definition of Recycling
Textile Recycling
Recycling can be defined as the process of reusing or making new products from the waste materials. It has many benefits. Such as, it reduces fresh raw materials consumption, energy consumption, air and water pollution and so on. By recycling, we can reduce the wastes and also reuse the product that has originally served its purpose.

Definition of Textile Recycling
We put our garments, curtains, pillow covers, bed sheets, towels etc. in our wardrobes or cupboards that we don’t need any more. Some of us pass them on Charity and re-use organizations and some reuse them.

Textile recycling is a system of reusing or reprocessing or remaking the used clothing, rugs, fibrous materials etc. We can also reuse or reprocess carpets, towels, tires, foot wears, sheets, blankets etc. Approximately, 1.5 millions of textiles that we can reuse or recycle are unnecessarily put into the rubbish bins.

Textile Recycling

Textile recyclers make the old clothing and fabrics into new products. The materials are sorted, cleaned and turned into new products. At first textile recyclers pre-short the materials according to composition, sizes, color etc. to separate any re-usable product and then sent for resale. As for example, in Toronto, collection boxes on street corners are operated by charities to collect the clothing and fabrics. Re-usable materials are sent to resale and the rests are to recycle. Now a day, famous retailers like H & M, American Eagle, Marks and Spencer also accept textiles for reuse and recycling.

Importance
The importance of Textile Recycling are as follows –
  • It reduces wastes and also landfill space.
  • It reduces the greenhouse gases as when the textiles are burnt gases are produced.
  • It reduces air and water pollution.
  • It reduces energy consumption.
  • It reduces use of fresh raw materials.
  • It creates economic development.
  • It helps to reduce unemployment problem.
Procedures

The procedures are as follows –
For reusable Textiles
At first the Textiles are carried by trucks to the shorting plants. Then these are shorted by types (Tops, bottoms, T-shirt, denim etc.). These are also shorted by quality and brands. The high qualities are sent to the local market again. Like as in America, these are sent to the North American vintage shops. Then the lower qualities are compressed and bundled. The bundles are arranged in the shipping containers and sent all over the world for resale.

Shorted cloths at market

For unusable Textiles
At first the textiles are shorted according to the origin. They are separated as natural and synthetic fibres.
In case of natural fibres – First these are shorted according to the type of material and color. Color shorting reduces the dyeing cost of the fabrics. Then the textiles are shredded and converted into fibres. The fibres are then made into yarns and the yarns into fabrics. Sometimes some fibres are also used for other purposes like filling pillows.
In case of synthetic fibres – The textiles are shredded and processed into chips. Then the chips are used to produce synthetic filaments or yarns.

References:

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Textile_recycling
  • http://www.recyclenow.com/what-to-do-with/clothing-textiles
  • http://atrscorp.com/

Saturday, August 1, 2015

Why I choose to be a Textile Engineer

Every student must have an aim in life to reach the apex of success. It was my childhood dream to be an engineer and that dream came true when I got a chance in Pabna Textile Engineering College in 2010. This year I’m going to be graduated from this college. Now I would like to share why I've chosen to be a Textile Engineer.

Textile Engineer Abu Sayed
Job Guarantee
Now Bangladesh holds the second position to export ready-made garments after China. Now there are about four thousand Garments and Textile industries in Bangladesh. So, there’s a huge job opportunity. In this sector, I may easily get a job. I’ve heard that some students also get job offers during their internee. So it’s a great opportunity for all the students.
Job through Appeared Certificate
Where every student of other subjects has to wait for their final certificate to get a job, there I can get a job through appeared certificate. So it’s also a positive side.
To Serve the Country
Every person wants to serve his country through his job. The total economy of Bangladesh depends on the export of ready-made garments. So the dream to serve my country will come true through my job.
To Support my family
I’m fully confident that I’ll get a job after completing my internee. Thus, I can support my family through my job. If I can serve my company where I’ll do my job, they will surely satisfy me with sufficient salary.   
To face the Challenging World
Obviously, textile sector is a challenging sector. Here the law of survival (Survival for the fittest) is strictly followed. I like to face the challenges. So, if you also like it then you can also dare to face the challenges.
To make the World Fashionable
Everybody likes fashion. I also like fashion. I also like to contribute to the fashion world. Through my job I can do it. So, you can also try it.
To do something Creative
Every student or everybody try to do something new, something creative. Textile sector demands the creative peoples. There are huge opportunities of showing my creativity. So, here you can also do it professionally.
I’ve enjoyed my life in Childhood
According to the local proverb ‘I’ve enjoyed my life in childhood’, I would like to say that, I’ve also done this and I’ll be good at in this Textile sector.
Lastly I would like to say that, if you have full confident then you can complete your graduation in Textile Engineering and welcome the challenges.

Wednesday, July 1, 2015

Important Qualities to achieve to be successful in the Textile Sector

Now day’s every student dreams to be a Textile Engineer. Because, here’s a huge opportunity to do something better and serve the country. In this sector, you may also have the brightest future than others. It should be added that if you have the capability and fortune favors you, you may be an industrialist after 15 or 20 years. But it is not an easy task because textile is the most challenging sector. But, if you try to achieve the following qualities from the student life it is quite possible for you to be successful in the Textile Sector.
Mental Fitness
Mental fitness comes first when you are going to face some challenging works or something new. It is also the most important task. So take some mental preparation when you are a student of 3rd or 4th year. It will help you the most. Because, in this sector you have to be mentally smart, all time you have to deal with the workers and your upper level officers. All time you have to keep the workers busy with their work and also please the upper-level officers with your works. You have to do your job sincerely and properly because a little fault may cause huge production loss.
Physical Fitness
To cope with all the challenges you have to be physically fit. In this sector physical fitness is very important. You will be the lucky one if you get a job and the company maintains 8 hours shift. But most of the company’s like in Bangladesh; you have to do your duty for 12 hrs. For the first time, it is quite tough to do job for 12 hrs. So, if you can take mentally as well as physically preparation from the University/College life, it will help you the most.
Facing Challenges
I’ve already mentioned that, Textile is the most challenging sector. Here in every step, you’ve to face the challenges. So, you must have the capability to overcome the challenges. You have to learn this from your student life. If you can do so, nobody can stop your progress. You can climb up to the Apex of the Textile sector.
Dealing Capacity
In this sector, you have to deal with your colleagues and bosses and also with the employees working under you. You have to deal with the foreigners and suppliers or manufacturers if you do job in the Buying house or in the Buying section of the textile industry. So, you must have the convince power and dealing capacity. University/College life is the best time to learn this.        
Work under Stress
You must have the capacity to work under stress. You will face many problems and obstacles. But you have to overcome all the problems and obstacles. You should be able to work under stress to survive in this sector. You can’t gain this quality overnight so you have to achieve this quality day by day from the University/College life.
Creativity
For getting a better position and increment you have to show your creativity. In this sector, you have to show your creativity by increasing production with least input. You have to think how to increase production with least labor cost, reduce wastage and minimal number of labors. You can show your creativity by developing new technologies and methods of production with better productivity.
Hard working
Nobody can achieve success without hard working. It has no alternative. Hard working is the key to achieve success in the textile industry.
Smartness
You must have the physical as well as mental smartness. Physical smartness shows your personality and mental smartness helps you to take instant decision and overcome any negative situation.

Wednesday, August 13, 2014

What is human behavior? Classification, characteristics and causation of human behavior

What is human behavior? Classification of human behavior | Characteristics and causation of human behavior
Behavior
Behavior can be defined as the actions or reactions of a person in response to external or internal stimulus situation. We understand behavior when we know that what is caused or made the person do it. We evaluate behavior when we approve or disapprove it. Both understanding and evaluation is a common reaction that individual engage daily.
Psychology is a science of activity of people which lead to an understanding of nature of behavior. Behavior is always the product of two things, one- the nature of individual or organism that behaves and second- the nature of situation in which the individual find himself.
Situation is a source of stimulus and is always the organism’s response to stimulus from environment.
According to Crowder “Behavior is any activity which can be observed, recorded and measured, this includes first what living beings or organisms do- that is their movement in space”.
Psychologists analyze behavior from two point of view- Overt & Covert, the behavior that is visible and what occurs outside of human being is called overt behavior. Example- playing football and eating something are overt behavior. The behavior that is not visible and what occurs inside of human being is called covert behavior. Example- thinking.
Psychologist Luine express behavior through an equation as –
                       B=∫ (P x E)    where, B= Behavior, ∫=Function, P=Person, E=Environment.

Behavior is a function of people and environment. Environment creates stimulus situation, it is human nature to respond stimulus situation. 
Classification of Human Behavior
To analyze and measure the behavior psychologists have divided behavior into different classes. Classification of human behavior given below-
Behavior can be defined as the actions or reactions of a person in response to external or internal stimulus situation.
Human behavior classification
     1.     Molecular and Moral Behavior:
Molecular behavior: The sudden behavior what occurs without thinking something is called molecular behavior.
Example: Abul hits a stick on Kuddus eyes and Kuddus closes his eyes at once. This is molecular behavior. Unpredictable situation whereas Kuddus has not any preparation to his eyes or face situation.
Moler Behavior: Moler behavior is the opposite of molecular behavior. When human behavior occurs with a thinking process is called moler behavior.
      Example: counter attract.
2. Overt & Covert Behavior:
Overt behavior: The behavior that is visible and what occurs outside of human being is called overt behavior.
Example: Playing football, eating something is overt behavior.
           Covert behavior: The behavior that is not visible and what occurs inside of human being is called covert behavior
Example: thinking.
3. Voluntary and Involuntary Behavior:
Voluntary behavior: The behavior what depend on human want is called voluntary behavior. Human beings always have control on voluntary behavior.
Example: Speaking, walking, writing etc. 
Involuntary behavior: Behavior what occurs naturally is called involuntary behavior.
Example: Movement of heart, taking oxygen and giving up carbon dioxide.
Accomplishment of one bit behavior may become the stimulus for further behavior.
It is possible to control such a behavior by education, training, experience and environment

Characteristics of Human Behavior
Behavior is any activity which can be observed, recorded and measured. Individual behave with in an environment, it is human nature to respond stimulus situation created by internal and external environment. Characteristics of human behavior can be express as under-
A. Social rules and regulations: Human are social beings and obedient to social rules and regulations. Social rules and regulation drives an individual in a particular way.
B. Language and understanding: Human beings express their feelings and emotion and conversation with each other through language. Interaction of individual and group helps them convey their news and views.
C.   Education and knowledge: Education is power which enables an individual to acknowledge the difference between right and wrong. The value of practice in acquiring skill or knowledge common feature of human behavior. Education and knowledge are important modification of human behavior.
D.  Adaptability: It is human nature to change in order to deal successfully with new situation. Human beings always face changing environment. Adaptability with changing environment is a common characteristic of human behavior.
E.  Capacity to learn knowledge: Only human being is capable enough to learn knowledge. Human beings can increase their capacity by acquiring knowledge and experience. This is unique characteristic of human beings.
F. Drive/Aim: Human beings behave with a view to accomplishing their common aim that drives him to a particular direction. Drive or aim pursues goal directed behavior.
G.  Human being is great in behavior and knowledge: Human being is great in their behavior and knowledge, capable enough to board their knowledge and experience. 

Causation of Behavior
Behavior is a result of interaction between individual and situation. It is human nature to response stimulus situation. There is a cause sequence of human behavior. The cause sequence of human behavior are explain below-
1.     Stimulus Situation: stimulus may be created by light, sound, job routine, other people action of supervisor and any aspect of environment in which a person is sensitive.
2. Organism: when stimulus situation faced by a person then organism automatically start. Organism may be heredity, maturation, biological needs and many learning such as knowledge, skills, certain needs attitude and values.
3.     Behavior: Behavior is a result of stimulus situation and individual organism that lead to a person to do or behave. Behavior may be body movement, talking, facial expression, emotional responses and thinking.
4. Accomplishment: The latest sequence is accomplishment. Accomplishment occurs when stimulus situation change. Further accomplishment may include survival, accident, attract from others

Sunday, August 10, 2014

What is industrial psychology? Importance of industrial psychology

Definition of Industrial Psychology
Industrial organizational psychologists contribute to an organization’s success by improving the performance and well being of its people. An industrial psychologist researches and identifies how behaviors and attitudes can be improved through hiring practices, training programs and feedback systems.
Industrial applies psychology to organizations and workplaces. Industrial organizational psychologists contribute to an organization’s success by improving the performance and well being of its people.
Industrial psychology

Saturday, July 5, 2014

Uses of Computer in Textile and Apparel Industry

Uses of Computer in Textile and Apparel Industry
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The textile and apparel industry comprises a complex network of interrelated sectors that produce fibers, spin yarns, fabricate cloth, and dye/finish/print and manufacture apparel. Computer technology is one of the most important tools contributing to the significant advancement of this industry.
CAD (Computer aided design) is industry specific textile design system using computer as a tool. CAD is used to design anything from an aircraft to knitwear.
Computer Aided Design