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Saturday, June 18, 2016

Garment Washing Symbols and Meanings

When we buy a garment it looks nice and ok but when we use it, it becomes dirty day by day and becomes unfit to wear. So to wear it again, we’ve to clean it. Then the questions come in our mind that how we will clean it and iron it so that the dresses become ready to wear. Then we search for garments care instructions. The care instructions are given by the care symbols attached with the garment.

Clothing Care Label

Garment Care Label is a label by which we can take care of a garment. In a garment care label we can see many care instructions. When we want to clean a garment we should follow the care instructions. It defines the machine wash should be warm, normal cycle or the garment should be tumble dry low or just tumble dry etc.

The apparel manufacturers attach the care symbols in care label which suits the best for a garment. Before attaching a care label the apparel is tested under different tests for care instructions like Dimensional stability, Appearance after laundering or dry cleaning, Colorfastness to Actual Laundering or Dry Cleaning, Colorfastness to laundering: Accelerated, Colorfastness to crocking, Bleaching and Ironing. When the garment passes under these tests, the care instructions are fixed for the garment.

Now I’ll describe the Garment Washing Symbols and Meanings in AATCC methods as below Images –

Washing Care Symbols and their meanings –

Apparel Washing Care Symbols

Bleaching Care Symbols and their meanings –

Garment Bleaching Care Symbols

Drying Care Symbols and their meanings –

Garment Drying Care symbols

Ironing Care Symbols and their meanings –

Garment Ironing Care Symbols

Dry Cleaning Care Symbols and their meanings –

Garment Dry Cleaning Care Symbols

Wednesday, April 1, 2015

Impacts of Textile Effluent on Environment and their possible remedial measures

Hello everybody! Hope that you are all OK. It seems that I’m boring you by delivering the same types of article on Textile Apex. Don’t worry! I’m here to introduce something new. In this article I will present you a slide show. By doing some hard work I made that Slide on Impacts of Textile Effluent on Environment and their possible remedial measures. Hope that, all of you will enjoy it. Thanks.

Saturday, December 7, 2013

What are the textile chemicals? Briefly discuss

Definition of Textile chemicals 

The processes of conversion of natural and manmade textile fibres according to end uses & attractive qualities as per need of customer where involving the uses of a large number of organic and inorganic chemicals known as textile chemicals.
The textile chemicals are as follows:
1. Wetting agent: The chemical which is used for quickly moisten or watering the textile materials is called wetting agent. Ex: Lissapol.
2. Detergent: Detergent is nothing but a chemical which is used for cleaning the textile material or to remove fats, oils, wax. Ex: fixanal.
3. Emulsifier: Emulsifier is a chemical that is used to mix up the oil and water. Ex: Emulsifier.
4. Size components: The component which is used for sizing up the warp yarn. Ex: Starch, Zncl2, Cacl2, Mgcl2 etc.
5. Desizing agents: Desizing agents are those chemicals which are used for removing the size materials of fabric. Ex: Alkali, Enzyme.
6. Dye retarding/leveling agents: The chemical which are used for dyeing just to give level shade or even dyeing. Ex: Nacl, Gluber salt.
7. Dye carriers: The dye carrier is not a chemical that will help to transfer the dye particle towards the outer surface of fibre. Ex: Tanic acid
8. Dye fixing agents Dye fixing agents: dye fixing agent is nothing but a chemical that helps to fix up the dye particle into inner position of the fibre with the bondage. Ex: Tartar emetic soln.
9. Rubbing fastness improver: It is nothing but color permanency to improve the rubbing resistance power. 
10. Printing chemical: Thickener is the main part of printing. It is used to produce color paste in printing according to design. Normally starch is used to produce it. Starch & water mixed to produce gummy substance in thickener. Ex: Potato paste, Rice, carboxy methyl cellulose.
11. Hygroscopic agent: The material which absorbs water from moisture is called hygroscopic agent. Ex: Nacl.
12. Oxidizing and reducing agent: The chemical that will help to increase oxygen or electronegative part and release the hydrogen is known as oxidizing & reducing agent. Ex: Cl2, O3, H2S, Na2S.
13. Defoaming agent: When we use different types of chemical, it produces huge amount of foam at the upper position of the dye material. For this reason defoaming agent used to prevent the foam production. Ex: Defoamer, Anti-foam etc.
14. Softening agent: The chemicals which are used to soften the textile materials is called softening agent. Ex: Castrol oil, Paraffin.
15. Stiffing agent: The chemicals which helps to increase the soft materials into the harder one is called harder one is called stiffing agent. Ex: Resin.
16. Water repellent/Proofing agent: The chemicals which has the ability for fully resistant to penetration by water. Ex: Rubber.
17. Fire proofing agent: The chemicals which has more resistance to burn out is called fire proofing agent.
18. Anti-mildew agent: The agents which are used to protect the fibre like cellulosic fibre are called anti-mildew agents. Ex: ZnCl2.
19. Moth proofing agent: The chemicals which help to resist the moth is called moth proofing agents. Ex: Naphthalene type chemicals.
20. Weighting agents: Some chemicals which give some weight to the fabric is known as weighting agents. Ex: Chalk, CaCo3 etc.